Antibiotics: The common and uncommon

Health

Antibiotics are a very common application in 21st-century allopathy medicine. For almost every kind of bacterial infection, we have developed a group and generation of antibiotics that can treat the infection. Over the years, however, due to an extensive usage of antibiotics(especially after the availability of antibiotics without a prescription,), the bacteria cell have developed a sort of resistance against these antibiotics, especially against the more commonly used ones. This resistance is popularly known as antibiotic resistance. Amoxicillin, doxycycline, cephalexin, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, azithromycin and levofloxacin are among few antibiotics that are most widely used for a various category of bacterial infections, hence these drugs in particular face the maximum degree of antibiotic resistance from the bacteria cells. This is precisely the point where the least common antibiotics hold a special demand.

What is antibiotics resistance?

The single most function of an antibiotic is to kill the bacteria cells causing an infection. It does so by effecting a particular mechanism of the bacteria in question and killing them eventually. However, after over a hundred years of usage, the bacteria cells have evolved and have made an alteration to their mechanisms. This evolution of bacteria cells makes them resistant to the effects of antibiotics (especially the most commonly used ones,) making the treatment of bacterial infections significantlydifficultboth in termsofmoney and time.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Evolution is something integrally related to survival. In order to survive the race of time, any and every living being must evolve. The bacteria cells have done exactly so. Year after year and decade after decade, bacteria cells have had their salient mechanisms of survival being damaged by the antibiotics, but, with time they have adapted to these effects of antibiotics and have gained somewhat immunity to the potency of antibiotics, especially the ones that are used on a wide scale. Amongst many the most antibiotic-resistant bacteria are as follows:

Streptococcus Pyogenes: Treated with penicillin, Streptococcus Pyogenes is one of the first kinds of bacteria cells that were treated with antibiotics, hence, got a longer period of time to undergo the required evolution.  This bacteria probably isn’t the one with the maximum power of antibiotic resistance, but what really makes it troublesome is its virulence. Once infected beyond a comfortable treatment range, this bacteria can, without doubt, prove to be deadly. Streptococcus Pyogenes does already exist in a good number of human body, but only in 5 per cent – 15 per cent(mostly in lungs and respiratory tracts,) which isn’t a matter of worry. The increase, however, can cause various infections, including a sore throat, skin disorders, impetigo and scarlet fever.

AcinetobacterBaumanni:AcinetobacterBaumanni is one of the bacteria cells with the highest antibiotic resistance. This bacteria is a tough nut that can survive in very harsh conditions and for a long period of time. Such toughness combined with a high antibiotic resistance, proves this bacteria really hard to deal with, especially in frail patients.AcinetobacterBaumanni causes infections such as Pneumonia, Meningitis, and Urinary Tract Infection.

Escherichia coli (E.Coli 🙂 A very common bacteria, but also amongst the one with maximum antibiotic resistance. This bacteria causes common infections such as food poisoning and diarrhoea, consequently often treated with antibiotics. On frequent confrontation with antibiotics, E.Coli has comfortably adapted to the effects of antibiotics. Meningitis and Urinary tract infection are among other infections caused by the Escherichia Coli bacteria.

When buying antibiotics online make sure that you are in absolute need of it. Otherwise along with threatening your friendly bacteria cells in your body, you will also be contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.